Get Ready, NATO: Russia’s New Killer Robots are Nearly Ready for War
Russian military has been steadily advancing the use of unmanned systems in military operations – its use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) in domestic and international engagements has been well documented. With the backing of the government and domestic industries, over the past few years Russian Ministry of Defense (MOD) has been actively developing a wide range of unmanned platforms – including unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs). Earlier this year, President Putin himself called for the development of “autonomous robotic complexes” for the military.
While most Russian UGVs are still in the design, testing and evaluation stages, there has already been notable presence of such machines with the Russian armed forces. “Uran-6” demining robot, made by JSC 766 UPTK, has been assisting Russian sappers in Syria, helping clear recaptured areas from mines, IEDs and unexploded ordinance. Designed to operate in extreme environment, this UGV is the first successful battlefield deployment and has been operating in Syria for almost a year at this point. Russia’s agency for exporting military technologies, Rosoboronexport, has reportedly started to offer these machines for export. Uran-6’s larger sibling, armored “Uran-9”, is designed for combat operations - weighing in at 10 tons, it is armed with a 30 mmm cannon, 7.62mm machine gun and anti-tank rockets. Russian military experts think this particular UGV can be used in Syria in the near future in support of Russian ground forces. There has already been some speculation whether Moscow-allied Syrian forces actually used Russian UGVs in recent operations. A closer international investigation revealed that such use of combat unmanned ground systems probably did not take place, though numerous Russian UGV designs point to their potential use in a variety of combat scenarios.
“Platforma-M”, designed for intelligence gathering and reconnaissance roles, is a UGV that is already getting integrated into Russian armed forces. Made by “Progress” Science and Technical Institute, it is armed with a 7.62 mm machine gun and 4 grenade launchers, and is built to operate in extreme environments, with temperatures ranging from -30 to +50 Celsius (Arctic to desert conditions). This UGV is already in service with the Russian Pacific Fleet.
In 2013, Russian MOD reviewed “Argo” unmanned ground vehicle – built by the Central Design Institute of Robotics and Technical Cybernetics, this wheeled system is designed for patrol and intelligence gathering, and is also armed with a 7.62 mm machine gun and several rockets. Argo can also be used for conducting amphibious operations and logistics support.
Another Russian UGV in development is a sapper and demining “Prohod-1”, made by “Signal” Design Bureau. This vehicle has undergone state trials by the end of summer 2016. According to designers, its intended to create safe corridors of up to 4.5 (14 feet) meters wide for soldiers and equipment. Unlike Uran-family of vehicles, Prohod-1 can be operated in manned and unmanned configurations.
In 2015, Russia unveiled another heavy armored UGV - “Udar”, made on the chassis of BMP-3 armored vehicle. BMP-3 chassis was chosen by designers as the most versatile platform that is widespread across Russian armed forces, easing potential vehicle maintenance and repair. Also made by “Signal” Design Bureau, it carries heavy armaments and potentially even a multi-copter drone for greater intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance role. This heavy UGV will be manufactured in three variants - combat, engineering support and transportation/evacuation.