Trump Should Cut Pentagon Waste and Craft a New Strategy
Over the past month, president-elect Donald Trump has repeatedly spoken out against Pentagon waste, in what one analyst has described as “taking down the military-industrial complex, one tweet at a time.”
The assault began on December 6 when Trump tweeted that “Boeing Is Building a Brand New 747 for future presidents, but costs are out of control, more than $4 billion. Cancel the order!” Trump’s tweet may seem premature – so far Boeing has “only” received $170 million for initial development of the plane. But Trump’s assertion is roughly in line with preliminary estimates of what it could ultimately cost to build two of the aircraft, and his tweet put Boeing on notice that he plans to keep an eye on the costs of the system going forward. The following week, Trump took to twitter to denounce the costs of Lockheed Martin’s F-35 combat aircraft, which at $1.4 trillion to build and operate over its lifetime is the most expensive weapons program ever undertaken by the Pentagon: “The F-35 program and cost is out of control. Billions of dollars can and will be saved on military (and other) programs after January 20th.”
Trump also expressed concern about the Pentagon’s bloated bureaucracy when he approvingly posted a link to a Washington Post article entitled “Pentagon Buries Evidence of $125 Billion in Pentagon Waste.” Some experts have questioned the methodology of the Defense Business Board study cited in the Post article, but the underlying point remains – the Department of Defense has a top heavy back office that could be cut by tens of billions of dollars if duplication of personnel and wasteful business practices were eliminated. A particularly ripe target for reform is the department’s shadow work force of over 600,000 service contractors. Many of them do jobs that could be done more cheaply by government employees.
Trump’s tweet storm isn’t the first time he has spoken out about waste at the Pentagon. During the campaign Trump committed himself to “conducting a full audit of the Pentagon,” a longstanding demand of fiscal conservatives, government watchdog groups, and members of Congress from both parties.
The question now is whether Trump will take action to move from critical tweets to real policy reforms. Advocates of more disciplined Pentagon spending have taken heart at Trump’s choice of South Carolina Representative Mick Mulvaney, a budget hawk who has supported caps on Pentagon spending and sponsored amendments to strip non-war-related items from the war budget, to run the White House Office of Management and Budget.
The real test of his commitment to cutting wasteful and unnecessary spending will come once Trump takes office. Will cut back programs like the F-35 combat aircraft and the Littoral Combat Ship that have been plagued with cost and performance problems and aren’t ready for prime time? Will he appoint a strong watchdog free of ties to the weapons industry to run the Pentagon’s independent testing office? Will he demand an accurate count of the number of contractors working for the Department of Defense as a prelude to reducing their numbers? What concrete steps will he take to force the Pentagon to move full speed ahead on getting its books in order?