Why Shinzo Abe Is Banking on a Bromance with Trump
As U.S. president Donald Trump embarks on his foreign policy in earnest, one element will likely define his emerging approach to diplomacy: bromance. Indeed, he inherited his oft-fawning adoration of the Russian president Vladimir Putin well into his presidency, causing much consternation among many on Capitol Hill leery of propitiating Moscow. While the current geopolitical climate may justify the controversy surrounding Trump’s indefatigable exaltation of Putin, personal bond was largely missing from former president Barack Obama’s strategic calculus, often leading to diplomatic rigidity as demonstrated by the ongoing imbroglio in Syria. As Trump is scheduled to host a summit with Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe on February 10, followed by a golf retreat in Florida, the new president has a historic opportunity to forge personal rapport with the leader of a key U.S. ally. Moreover, a bromance with Abe would lay a strong foundation for U.S. Asia policy in the Trump era.
In fact, Abe himself is keen on establishing a personal bond with Trump. Since taking office in December 2012, the Japanese prime minister has found his own niche by bonding with the world’s strongman leaders, ranging from fellow democratic leaders like Indian prime minister Narendra Modi, to Eurasian autocrats, such as Putin and Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. A bromance with Trump would naturally fit Abe’s foreign-policy proclivities. Indeed, Abe became the first foreign leader to schedule a summit with the then-president elect at Trump Tower immediately after the November 2016 presidential election, demonstrating his enthusiasm for establishing a rapport with America’s newly minted leader.
Abe’s eagerness for the Trump presidency derives from his years of frustration with Obama. Although their reciprocal visits to Hiroshima and Pearl Harbor last year unmistakably showed the world the strength of the bilateral alliance, Obama and Abe never struck personal chemistry with each other. This was largely due to their perception gap surrounding Asia’s geopolitical environment. Obama largely resigned himself to “strategic patience” by restricting Washington's overseas defense commitment. The Japanese leader grew skeptical of his U.S. counterpart, because he viewed China’s regional challenges as a major threat to Japan’s national security. Indeed, Abe once even complained to his colleagues by accusing Obama of “not being strategic” in reference to the president’s regional commitment. Nonetheless, he remained patient and accommodating toward the president.
The opportunity cost of this attitude impeded Tokyo’s pursuit of global leadership. Tokyo has recently been bolstering its global engagement, largely with the aim of overcoming the lingering perception gap with Washington. The upshot was the rise of the Abe Doctrine, which promotes a “more assertive, high-profile, and high-risk foreign and security policy for Japan.” While this often catapulted Japan to the center stage of world politics, such as the 2016 G7 summit in Ise-shima, Abe’s high-stakes diplomacy often put him at odds with Obama. Their disconnect manifested itself most explicitly when Abe sought a balancing act against China by courting Moscow in 2016, leading Obama to lodge formal protests against Tokyo’s agenda. While Abe ultimately revived bilateral talks with Putin that year, Washington’s objections remained a major impediment to Tokyo’s bid for Russo-Japanese rapprochement.
Abe will visit Washington this week against a backdrop of bilateral inertia at the leadership level. Moreover, his enthusiasm for forging rapport with Trump is not unfounded. Indeed, Japan is perhaps the only democracy in the world that both enjoys unrivaled political stability at home and is willing to contribute to global stability. At a time when political volatility shakes the United States, and its democratic allies and partners across the globe, Japan is increasingly finding itself as a major defender of the liberal international order. Pledging to “build a nation that shines at the center of the world,” the Japanese prime minister reaffirmed his country’s commitment to its emerging global role in his policy speech to the Diet on January 20.
Trump’s first U.S.-Japan summit will therefore be a major opportunity for the new president to consolidate a special relationship with Abe. His focus must be to elevate such a relationship to a full-fledged bromance. Indeed, personal rapport has been a recurring theme in the history of the U.S.-Japan alliance for more than six decades, and has been crucial to effective alliance management. When then president Dwight D. Eisenhower hosted Abe’s grandfather, Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi, in Washington in 1960, the two leaders succeeded in upgrading the alliance by leveraging their close personal ties despite Japan’s zealous, often violent domestic opposition. As Japan increasingly finds its new strategic role, a Trump-Abe friendship would hold the key to effecting structural changes to the alliance for Asia’s greater peace and stability.