Clifford Gaddy is a senior fellow at Brookings and an economist specializing in Russia.
“I do not need to prove anything to anyone,” declared Vladimir Putin. Convinced he is the steward of his country’s future, Putin masters Russia’s history—and seeks to manipulate it.
With the rise in oil prices and a conservative fiscal policy, Russia turned from a debtor nation into an economic powerhouse, creating a compromise between the excesses of the free market and the inefficiencies of a command economy
Whether Czarist or Soviet, the Russian intelligence elite has always conceived on itself as the "most loyal" servant of "the Russian idea." Now one of their own is president.
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