Eurasia

The Modernizing Imperative

The Gorbachev-era earthquake that led to the collapse of communism and the disintegration of the Soviet state was due in significant part to autonomous changes in Soviet civil society.

Francis Fukuyama

Russia in Search of Itself

Russia's foreign policy cannot fail to provide for goals and tasks elevated above opportunist pragmatics.

Sergei Stankevich

Warheads and Soviet Chaos

The attempted overthrow of Mikhail Gorbachev by a coalition of Soviet hardliners in August has heightened unease in the West about the control of Soviet nuclear weapons.

Mark Kramer

The Secret History of Perestroika

Gorbachev has shown that, intentionally or unintentionally, he can destroy the Soviet system comprehensively.  It remains doubtful whether he can replace what he has destroyed.

Frederick Kagan

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