The Modernizing Imperative

The Gorbachev-era earthquake that led to the collapse of communism and the disintegration of the Soviet state was due in significant part to autonomous changes in Soviet civil society.

Francis Fukuyama

Weisberg on Fukuyama's South Africa

Every student of international relations has thought about the question of why world communism fell apart when it did.

Francis FukuyamaJacob Weisberg

French Chefs

The final effacement of British national sovereignty will probably take place in December at the European Economic Community summit in Maastricht, the Netherlands.

Boris Johnson

The Secret History of Totalitarian Art

Igor Golomstock, Totalitarian Art in the Soviet Union, the Third Reich, Fascist Italy, and the People's Republic of China (London: Collins Harvill, 1991).

George Walden


America is at war, and its citizens are understandably fixated upon events in the Persian Gulf.

John B. Dunlop

The Secret History of Perestroika

Gorbachev has shown that, intentionally or unintentionally, he can destroy the Soviet system comprehensively.  It remains doubtful whether he can replace what he has destroyed.

Frederick Kagan