The Navy's New Mine-Hunting Systems Are Major Breakthroughs

February 24, 2022 Topic: Naval Mines Blog Brand: The Buzz Tags: U.S. NavyCountermineMine-HuntingAQS-20RaytheonMines

The Navy's New Mine-Hunting Systems Are Major Breakthroughs

The overlap between the Navy's report and the AQS-20 system demonstrates how research on anticipated threats informs the Navy’s innovations.

The U.S. Navy is making fast progress with new countermine technologies to track, identify, and destroy enemy mines.

Current efforts include the integration of the AQS-20C towed sonar system with the Barracuda mine-hunter drone. These advanced systems will be supported by manned and unmanned vessels.

Progress in testing, integration, and production has revealed new breakthroughs in technology that is capable of autonomously identifying and destroying mines. While countermine technology is nothing new, current developments indicate that the Navy has achieved long-standing goals in the realm of countermine warfare.  

Leading Navy thinkers have been well aware of the threat posed by mines for years, and many have come to believe that mine-hunting capabilities will only become more important. A 2017 report from the Naval Postgraduate School identifies five key areas that the Navy must focus on in order to stay in front of the growing mine threat. Interestingly, the areas identified in the essay align very closely with the recent efforts of the Navy and Raytheon. The capabilities that the report identifies as most important—“sensor range and resolution, automatic target recognition, and acoustic communications bandwidth”—are entirely consistent with the aims of the AQS-20 and Barracuda programs.

In addition, the study specifically anticipates that “improvements to sensor range and resolution can be achieved by utilizing synthetic aperture sonar.” Sure enough, that is exactly what the AQS-20 does. The overlap between the report and the AQS-20 system demonstrates how research on anticipated threats informs the Navy’s innovations. Industry partners often invest internal funds in efforts to align with or anticipate what the Navy will need to address emerging threats.

By highlighting the need to reduce the “detect-to-engage” timeline, the report anticipated the recent effort to significantly reduce the sensor-to-shooter time of mine-hunting systems. Notably, this is what the networked Barracuda and AQS-20 systems are specifically engineered to do.

Kris Osborn is the Defense Editor for the National Interest. Osborn previously served at the Pentagon as a Highly Qualified Expert with the Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army—Acquisition, Logistics & Technology. Osborn has also worked as an anchor and on-air military specialist at national TV networks. He has appeared as a guest military expert on Fox News, MSNBC, The Military Channel, and The History Channel. He also has a Master's Degree in Comparative Literature from Columbia University.

Image: Reuters.