America's Missile Defenses At Sea Are Getting a Big Upgrade

September 10, 2017 Topic: Security Blog Brand: The Buzz Tags: North KoreaRussiaAEGISMissile DefenseNavyU.S. Navy

America's Missile Defenses At Sea Are Getting a Big Upgrade

Should North Korea or Russia worry? 

The United States Navy has successfully tested its potent new Raytheon AN/SPY-6(V) Air and Missile Defense Radar (AMDR) against simultaneous air and ballistic missile threats.

The powerful Gallium Nitride-based active electronically scanned array radar will replace the Lockheed Martin AN/SPY-1D phased array radar on future Block III Arleigh Burke-class destroyers as the core of the Aegis combat system.

According to Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA), the AMDR performed exactly as expected during the September 7 test event, which was designated Vigilant Talon. During the test, at 13:38 local time— or 19:38 Eastern Daylight Time—the Navy simultaneously launched a short-range ballistic missile target and multiple air-to-surface cruise missile targets off the west coast of Hawaii to put the new radar though its paces. The AN/SPY-6(V) searched for, detected and maintained track on all targets throughout their trajectories, according to NAVSEA. It was the third ballistic missile defense test for the new radar.

"This radar was specifically designed to handle ballistic missiles and cruise missiles simultaneously, and it's doing just that," Capt. Seiko Okano, NAVSEA’s major program manager for Above Water Sensors, Program Executive Office (PEO) Integrated Warfare Systems (IWS), said in a statement.  

"AMDR is successfully demonstrating performance in a series of increasingly difficult test events and is on track to deliver advanced capability to the Navy's first Flight III Destroyer."

According to NAVSEA, the Navy’s test successfully met its “primary objectives” against a “complex short range ballistic missile” and “multiple air-to-surface cruise missile” targets simultaneously based on preliminary data. NAVSEA will have to take a more detailed look at the data to fully evaluate the SPY-6 radar’s performance based upon telemetry and other data obtained during the test.

With its Gallium Nitride technology, the SPY-6 is roughly 30 times more powerful than the current 12-foot SPY-1 array with an antenna that is just two feet larger at 14 feet. The new radar also has much greater dynamic range compared to the SPY-1—particularly in areas with lots of interference from other emitters, jammers and clutter. The SPY-6 also has digital beam-forming capability, which enables rapid horizon-to-horizon surveillance of air targets while simultaneously devoting much more energy toward ballistic missile defense.

Huntington Ingalls Industries will start building the first Flight III Arleigh Burke-class destroyer—the future USS Jack H. Lucas—in fiscal year 2019. The new destroyers will form the core the of the Navy’s surface fleet until the service eventually develops a future surface combatant that will eventually replace both the Ticonderoga-class cruisers and the Arleigh Burke hull form.

Dave Majumdar is the defense editor for The National Interest. You can follow him on Twitter: @Davemajumdar.