That said, any normalization from Sudan will be particularly symbolic: it was in Khartoum, after all, that the Arab League adopted its infamous “three no’s” policy in 1967, stating no peace with Israel, no negotiations, and no recognition of the Jewish state. Comprehensive relations between Sudan and Israel will attest to how thoroughly Sudan has shucked off the toxic legacy of the Bashir years. Sudanese democracy can provide hope across Africa and the Middle East. But these objectives can only be achieved with sustained, robust U.S. engagement that enables Sudan to put its economy on a stronger footing.
Orde Kittrie is a senior fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies and law professor at Arizona State University. He previously served for ten years as a U.S. State Department attorney. Follow him on Twitter @ordefk.
Varsha Koduvayur is a senior research analyst at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, where she focuses on the Persian Gulf. Follow her on Twitter @varshakoduvayur.