Why America's Arleigh Burke DDG 51 Destroyers Are Here to Stay

September 20, 2020 Topic: Security Region: Americas Blog Brand: The Reboot Tags: U.S. NavyNavyMilitaryDefenseChinaArleigh Burke-class

Why America's Arleigh Burke DDG 51 Destroyers Are Here to Stay

These sturdy warships may be old, but they have served well and can still fight today.

Key point: These ships have been upgraded many times despite their age. In fact, Washington plans to purchase even more of the vessels.

U.S. Navy Arleigh Burke DDG 51 destroyers fire Tomahawk and SM-3 missiles in war, protect aircraft carriers, attack enemy ships and submarines and intercept the most serious incoming enemy threats such as anti-ship missiles, a circumstance currently inspiring the Navy’s ongoing effort to preserve the fleet with cutting edge upgrades and maintenance. 

The Navy currently operates more than 80 destroyers and is currently adding more than 10 new, upgraded Flight III DDG 51s with new radar and weapons. However, the service is also deeply invested in sustaining its existing fleet as well, some of which are now decades old. 

As part of these kinds of initiatives, the Navy is now replacing steel structures, revamping on-board electronics and performing maintenance on the underwater hull of several existing destroyers that have been maintaining a high mission uptempo. 

The 23-yr old USS Carney and 18-yr old Winston S. Churchill will now be dry-docked for periods of time in order to enable the Navy and BAE Systems to do the work. The USS Carney just returned from a six-year operational period in Rota, Spain. 

The restoration of each ship shall take more than a year and finish up in 2021 and 2022 respectively. 

This work is crucial to the Navy’s vigorous effort to sustain and expand its fleet of warships, given that the U.S. Navy is now smaller than China’s. 

While technological sophistication regarding ship weapons, sensors and computer processing may likely provide the margin of superiority in war, sheer numbers of destroyers are also of great significance. 

Within the next 15 years, the navy plans to add as many as 30 DDG 51 Destroyers, including 22 new, high-tech DDG 51 Flight III warships and eight state-of-the-art DDG 51 Flight IIA destroyers.

This is part of the reason why current Navy Flight IIA DDG 51s are being back-fitted with newer, far more sensitive AN/SPY-6 radar systems which bring the ability to detect serious threats at much longer ranges. The new Raytheon-built radar can detect threat objects at twice the distance and half the size when compared to existing radar. 

Navy destroyers are also being armed with laser weapons and advanced EW applications along with upgraded ship defenses such as SM-3, SM-6 and Tomahawk missiles. 

This U.S. Navy’s current modernization work is also of particular significance, given China’s fast-moving efforts to build new, well-armed, modern, and somewhat stealthy Type 055 Destroyers. China’s Type 055s, now getting ready to deploy, incorporate deck-mounted weapons, a “64 block VLS” segment and a smooth, stealthy and inwardly angled dull-deckhouse blending, similar to the USS Zumwalt

Kris Osborn is Defense Editor for the National Interest. Osborn previously served at the Pentagon as a Highly Qualified Expert with the Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army—Acquisition, Logistics & Technology. Osborn has also worked as an anchor and on-air military specialist at national TV networks. He has appeared as a guest military expert on Fox News, MSNBC, The Military Channel, and The History Channel. He also has a Masters Degree in Comparative Literature from Columbia University. This first appeared earlier this year and is being reposted due to reader interest.

Image: Reuters