What One of Star Wars' Most Famous Battles Can Teach the U.S. Military

What One of Star Wars' Most Famous Battles Can Teach the U.S. Military

This isn't going to go the way you think...

From the sinking of HMS Victoria in 1893 to the 2012 USS Porter collision, the hubris of experience and seniority can blind and isolate leaders to deadly result. Such is the cautionary tale of Vice Adm. Amilyn Holdo’s toxic leadership that brought the Resistance to a crisis.

The conflict between ex-Commander Poe Dameron and Vice Admiral Holdo is interpreted by some as a junior leader’s sexist arrogance, and an unwillingness to follow orders. But for orders and intent to be followed, orders and intent must be given and credibility maintained. Leaders fail when they do not establish expectations, communicate intent, or at minimum engage with key subordinates—like their strike group’s wing commander, airboss, bridge watch standers and intelligence shop. Vice Admiral Holdo’s communication failure forced subordinates to abandon her formal authority for loyalties higher in the hierarchy—the ship, the mission and the cause.

First Impressions Matter—Uniform as Communication

In the aftermath of the Republic capital’s destruction, a decapitation strike eliminates the senior military leadership onboard the last Resistance flagship. The Resistance fleet’s remaining officers and their immediate subordinates gather on the secondary bridge seeking direction stolen by two devastating fleet losses, the death of Admiral Ackbar, Leia’s incapacitation and an unending siege of Imperial gunnery. Into this crisis and a sea of dirty uniformed watchstanders strides Vice Admiral Holdo, wearing a spotless art-gala gown and halo-tiara.

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Poe notes that Vice Admiral Holdo was “not what I was expecting.” He’s right, it shouldn’t have been. Even by long-long-ago in a galaxy far-far away standards, a vice admiral taking charge of a fleet under fire in civilian evening wear is likely unsettling. What was this vice admiral doing while the rest of the military personnel were fighting and dying?

The uniform is a strong nonverbal communication tool, hence the military’s sometimes misguided obsession with creating new ones. Uniform standards may be loosened during a time of high operational tempo, or tightened afterwards to communicate a return to normal routine. Some commanding officers (CO) don utilities and clean alongside their crew, to show that no one is above work. In different contexts, the same uniform can communicate different messages. A CO in Service Dress Blues will inspire fear at a disciplinary hearing, or suggest senility if wandering the bilges.

Admiral Akbar is dead—long live Admiral Akbar. The crew needed someone who immediately appeared to be in the fight. They sought one one of their own, a woman who projected military competence and confidence different than their civilian leaders, like Sen. Leia Organa or Mon Mothma before her. A vice admiral wearing nonmilitary formal wear before a dirty cadre of uniformed officers mourning the loss of their chain of command communicates only the negative: she believe herself above or apart from her own people, is indifferent to them, or senile at worst. This confusing dissonance between brutal combat and ballroom cocktails feeds the coming mutiny.

Commander’s Intent

But eccentricity is swiftly forgiven in commanders with a genius for victory or survival—a skill that requires forthright communication of orders and intent. Vice Admiral Holdo fails in this basic communication to her assembled leadership in a scenario involving an existential threat. This systemic communication failure—and the crew-wide perception they were being flown to their deaths—is clear from the identities and actions of Poe’s insertion team and the mutineers.

Despite his demotion, Poe likely retains his positional authority as wing commander. This would make sense due to the Resistance’s normalized levels of risk and insubordination as well as the personnel shortages. He is, at minimum, the senior-most remaining aviator in the Resistance. Poe, his pilots, and his aviation personnel are critical for the successful development and preparation of stealth shuttle evacuations—instead, they are left in the dark. A vague faith in hope is Vice Admiral Holdo’s only repeated direction. To a freshly demoted wing commander, this sounds exactly like the bull-headed suicide run his commander in chief had demoted him for executing—except they’d lose the entire Resistance, not merely a bomber wing.

Lt. Kaydel Ko Connix, as a bridge watchstander involved in shuttle operations and communications, should have been given some sort of brief by her CO or the vice admiral’s staff in order to properly stand her watch. None was given, as otherwise she would have let Poe in on the plan.

As one of the aviation technicians necessary for the preparation of shuttles for stealth operations, Rose’s leadership would have given her a partial brief on the stealth evacuation plan. But as noted earlier, the entire aviation detachment had been cut out of the information loop until the very last minute.