Setbacks Aside, the First Ford-Class Super Carrier is Nearly Complete
It has been a rocky road for the carrier, but the USS Gerald R. Ford is poised to enter service with the United States Navy despite several developmental hiccups.
In a press release provided to the National Interest, the United States Navy announced that the lead ship of the new Gerald R. Ford-class supercarriers made a significant step towards full operational readiness.
“On December 22, the 11th and final Advanced Weapons Elevator (AWE) aboard USS Gerald R. Ford (CVN 78) was turned over to the ship’s crew,” the press release explained.
“AWEs on this first-of-class aircraft carrier operate using several advanced technologies including electromagnetic motors vice more labor-intensive, hydraulic systems. The advanced technology enables fewer sailors to safely move ordnance from weapons magazines to the flight deck with unparalleled speed and agility.”
Fully functioning weapon elevators are vital to the ship, allowing aircraft and munitions to travel from the carrier’s magazine in the belly of the hull to the flight deck. “This is a significant milestone for the Navy, ship, and her crew,” Rear Adm. James P. Downey, Program Executive Officer for Aircraft Carriers, stated. “With completion of this final AWE, we now have the entire system to operate and train with.”
The Gerald R. Ford-class is the most advanced class of ships the United States Navy has ever built and incorporates many new technologies. In addition to the more advanced weapons elevator, the Ford-class is powered by a pair of smaller, more simple nuclear generators that provide approximately twenty-five percent more electrical power than previous designs.
The Navy expects the Ford-class to serve for around ninety years, and the carrier’s extra energy output anticipates immature technologies that the Navy may incorporate into the class in the future.
The Ford also features a new electromagnetic airplane launch system that replaces the traditional steam-powered design and a new aircraft arresting system.
Earlier this year, the USS Gerald R. Ford completed shock trials, validating the carrier’s armor design during simulated near-hull explosions.
Despite the Ford-class advanced design, the class has suffered from several shortcomings. For example, problems with the carrier’s electromagnetic aircraft launch and arresting gear have proven a headache for the Navy. In addition, crew accommodations—toilets specifically—have repeatedly clogged, forcing the Navy to periodically flush out the sewage system with an expensive acidic cleaning solution.
The press release describing the Ford’s recent activity ended on a positive note. “The end game is always operational readiness,” Rear Adm. Downey explained, “and Ford is on track to complete this PIA (Phased Incremental Availability period) on schedule, conduct sea trials, and to move on to follow on tasking.”
Though its been an uncertain and occasionally imperfect road, the first of the United States’ Gerald R. Ford-class supercarriers is approaching completion.
Caleb Larson is a multimedia journalist and defense writer with the National Interest. A graduate of UCLA, he also holds a Master of Public Policy and lives in Berlin. He covers the intersection of conflict, security, and technology, focusing on American foreign policy, European security, and German society for both print and radio. Follow him on Twitter @calebmlarson.
Image: Wikimedia Commons