Dr. Mohammadbagher Forough is a research fellow at The German Institute of Global and Area Studies in Hamburg, Germany. He is also a research associate at Clingendael, the Netherlands Institute of International Relations in The Hague. From 2016 to 2021, he was an assistant professor of International Relations at Leiden University. He holds a Ph.D. in International Security from Groningen University. You can follow him on Twitter @Mohamad_Forough.