The AC-130's Upgraded Cannon Is Bringing the Heat

September 2, 2022 Topic: AC-130 Region: Americas Blog Brand: The Buzz Tags: AC-130 GunshipAnti-Air DefensesUS Air ForceCannonAir Superiority

The AC-130's Upgraded Cannon Is Bringing the Heat

A weapons modernization initiative is outfitting the Ghostrider with a new cannon.

A series of photos from a recent event at Cannon Air Force Base in New Mexico show a few glimpses of the U.S. Air Force AC-130J Ghostrider, a powerful gunship that is designed to support troops on the ground with an array of powerful cannon weaponry.

The gunship, first used extensively during combat operations in Vietnam, now supports a new, upgraded cannon, a 105mm Gun Aircraft Unit (GAU) expressly made for the gunship.

“This has become a much more reliable system with less maintenance,” said Matthew Buckler, NSWCDD Battle Management System (BMS) Gun Weapons System lead mechanical engineer, in a previous statement announcing the gun’s eventual rollout.

“If we can get a system that’s more reliable, that’s more repeatable, that works and that allows the warfighter to complete their mission every time – that’s a huge benefit for the warfighter.”

The statement explained “previous iteration of the AC-130’s 105mm gun system comprised the M102 Howitzer and M137A1 recoil mechanism, which are no longer supported by the Army, meaning that an upgrade was necessary due to obsolescence and advancements in technologies since the original recoil mechanism was designed.”

It added that expressly from the outset of the design process, “engineers behind the 105 mm gun worked directly with the warfighter to get real-time feedback from experienced gunners and technicians.”

“The upgrades to the 105mm GAU are sweeping, however, the engineers at Dahlgren were careful to ensure that the functionality, accuracy and usability of the weapon remain largely the same.”

Though the AC-130’s upgrade will undoubtedly benefit the platform as well as the warfighter on the ground receiving gunship support, questions about the platform’s ultimate longevity have been raised—especially in light of more sophisticated challenges pilots can expect to face in the future.

During the United States’ involvement in the Middle East, in places like Iraq and Afghanistan, pilots had very little to fear from the ground, as American forces enjoyed nearly total air superiority. Control of the skies, however, is not guaranteed in the future.

Following the United States’ exit from the Middle East, China and Russia have become the primary challengers to the American-led international order. And unlike non-state opponents such as the Islamic State, both Russia and China pose robust anti-aircraft capabilities that could spell disaster for platforms like the AC-130J.

So while the Ghostrider is more powerful than it has ever been, it is also more vulnerable than ever, thanks to the types of challenges it could expect to face in the future.

Caleb Larson is a multimedia journalist and defense writer with the National Interest. A graduate of UCLA, he also holds a Master of Public Policy and lives in Berlin. He covers the intersection of conflict, security, and technology, focusing on American foreign policy, European security, and German society for both print and radio. Follow him on Twitter @calebmlarson.

Image: DVIDS.