The United States once aspired to be a shining city upon a hill, an example to the world. What an example it has become. Today Washington is the place for other governments to go when they want a competitor roughed up. No one wants to do the dirty work themselves. Instead, they ask the United States to bomb, invade and/or occupy their adversary. At least, that’s what the WikiLeaks cables suggest. Foreign governments routinely and shamelessly urge America to go to war for their benefit. Other nations long have urged the United States to defend them. In World War I the entente powers—including despotic Czarist Russia and colonial governments which collectively subjugated hundreds of millions of people—pressed Woodrow Wilson to go to war for “democracy.” Alas, America’s maladroit intervention resulted in everything but democracy.
In World War II France and especially Great Britain pressed for America’s entry on their behalf. Here, at least, there was a truly evil and threatening enemy. South Korea wanted and received U.S. aid when attacked. The Hungarian revolutionaries hoped for the same and were disappointed. South Vietnamese, Kuwaitis, Bosnian Muslims, Somali warlords and ethnic Albanians in Kosovo later won Washington’s military support; ethnic Karen guerrillas in Burma and the Georgian government did not.
Some of these cases are complex. For instance, evidence indicates that Tbilisi started the conflict with Russia. Nevertheless, it’s natural for endangered countries or peoples to call on another nation to aid their defense. Most of the time doing so isn’t in America’s interest. But the request is understandable.
However, WikiLeaks suggests that foreign governments have moved a step beyond. Even when there is no pressing, let alone imminent, threat, they now ask Washington to loose the dogs of war.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has openly urged the U.S. government to take military action against Iran. The WikiLeaks cables included warnings from Israeli officials that Tehran was hardening its nuclear sites, as well as a claim from Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak that action was needed now, since in a matter of at most eighteen months “any military solution would result in unacceptable collateral damage.”
Yet Tehran currently possesses nothing and will not soon possess anything. While there’s good reason to be suspicious of Iran’s activities, evidence of a serious and successful nuclear weapons program remains illusive. Moreover, Israel is the dominant regional military power and possesses one hundred fifty or more nuclear weapons. Presumably Israel developed nuclear weapons for just this contingency, to deter attack by a neighbor. There is no evidence that the Iranian leadership is suicidal; indeed, Israeli security analysts with whom I have spoken believe Tehran desires the bomb for deterrence and status, not aggression and self-immolation.
Yet Israel wants the United States to set fire to the Middle East, initiating the third war in less than a decade. From Israel’s perspective, Washington is not a friend or even ally, but just convenient muscle on call. Several Arab nations obviously look at America the same way. That’s not really surprising, but the dismissive assumption that Washington’s job is to eliminate a regional rival remains disturbing.
There’s Saudi Arabia, well-armed by the United States and in line for a new $60 billion arms package. Apparently the new F-15 fighters, upgrades for older F-15s, Blackhawk, Apache, and Little Bird helicopters, anti-air and anti-ship missiles, and guided bombs aren’t enough for a kleptocratic monarchy which lacks popular legitimacy.