The Syrian conflict, which appears that it will drag on for a decade, has been a source of regional instability and chaos.
The Palestinian security forces were the first major success of the post-9/11 era at moving from civil society and institution building to security first.
The United States now faces a crisis of confidence in Syria.
Iraq is preparing for the future after the war with the Islamic State while Baghdad and Erbil still have a list of disputes in the wake of the 2017 Kurdistan independence referendum.
The Afrin offensive marks a major new phase of the Syrian conflict, likely bookending the conflict with ISIS and the civil war.
The United States may soon find the frequent high-level discussions Iran, Turkey and Russia are having harder to ignore.
The lesson of the war on ISIS is that part of the Middle East cannot be seen as a collection of independent states.
Baghdad seeks to weaken the Kurdistan autonomous region as Iran and the United States compete over Iraq’s role in the post-ISIS era.
With ISIS out of the way, underlying tensions have come to the surface.
The Kurdish region wants to think in the long-term, but even the short-term looks difficult.
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